Guelaguetza by Maritur DMC


Guelaguetza – A Celebration of Oaxaca, México


Oaxaca is one of the 33 states of Mexico. This state has a great importance in the Mexican Culture because of its traditions, food and indigenous-ethnic groups that are still alive in the different regions of Oaxaca.

This time we want you to learn more about the “La Guelaguetza”, the most important cultural event of the state and of Mexico.

The Guelaguetza is a celebration in honor to Our Lady of Mount Carmen (Virgen del Carmen), combined with the surviving beliefs. A strong earthquake in the 1920´s destroyed most of the city. Afterward, leaders reorganized the festival as a statewide cultural event to help rebuild the morale of the people of Oaxaca, naming it "La Guelaguetza de la Raza". The event began to take on a more modern form, as an opportunity for each people or region to showcase their unique dance. It also began to become more of a performance than a ritual festival.

The Guelaguetza, or “Los lunes del Cerro” (Mondays on the Hill), is an annual indigenous cultural event in Mexico that takes place in the city of Oaxaca in the month of July. The celebration features traditional costumed dancing by gender-separated groups. It includes parades of local walking bands, native food, and statewide artisanal crafts, such as Pre-Hispanic-style textiles. Each costume, and dance usually has a local historical and cultural meaning. While the celebration has attracted an increasing number of tourists, it is primarily one of deep cultural importance for the people of the state and is important for the survival of these cultures.

This year the celebration had to break the difficulties of the pandemic and thanks to the coordination of radio, television and more than 300 portals on social networks the event took place on July 20th and 27th through digital media.


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